The iconography is very similar to depictions of the falcon dancer found on Mississippian copper plates excavated from locations across the Midwest and Southeast. On the western end of the platform was a conical shaped mound with a flattened top, approximately 18 feet (5.5 m) to 20 feet (6.1 m) in height. [11], A number of Mississippian stone statues have been dug up at the site, the first being sometime before 1823 when it is first mentioned. There is a short offshoot on the trail that leads to remnants of an old springhouse. Once called the "Grandeur on the Frontier," Cragfont was built around 1798 -1802. Wynnewood, Hawthorn Hill (with it's Opry connection), and Cragfont are all State Historic Sites … As of the 2010 census, its population was 556. Find your dream home in Castalian Springs … There are 37 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark. He also excavated the large burial mound, which contained well over a hundred graves. Located in picturesque Sumner County just 45 minutes from downtown Nashville, Historic Castalian Springs is a nonprofit dedicated to preserving and interpreting the diverse local and regional history at its three state historic sites: Cragfont, Wynnewood, and Hawthorn Hill. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Sumner County, Tennessee, United States. From 2005 until present, the Castalian Springs Mounds site has been the focus of investigations by the Castalian Springs Archaeological Project, sponsored by the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Middle Tennessee State University, the Bledsoe's Lick Historical Association and the Tennessee Division of Archaeology. The site is not currently open to the public. [6], In the early 1890s and again in 1916-1917, amateur archaeologist William E. Myer (later a “special archeologist” with the Smithsonian[7]) excavated parts of the site, including the stone box graves. The tablet is 19 inches (48 cm) wide by 14 inches (36 cm) tall by 1 inch (2.5 cm) and on both sides depicts multiple figures dressed in S.E.C.C. 3.1K likes. 200 Cragfont Road Castalian Springs, TN 37031 (615) 452-7070. Cragfont State Historic Site. Located in Castalian Springs, Tennessee, Historic Castalian Springs is home to three beautiful sites, Cragfont, Wynnewood, and Hawthorn Hill. North of Hendersonville at Shackle Island Rd. Historic Castalian Springs (Wynnewood, Cragfont, Hawthorn Hill) Jan 2020 - Jul 2020 7 months. Castalian Springs Historical Marker Gallatin-Hartsville Pike, TN 25 , Castalian Springs , TN , USA Latitude & Longitude: 36° 23' 39.208056" , -86° 18' 58.97214" [16], Engraved limestone tablet featuring a Falcon dancer, Braden style warrior gorget found by Myers, "Historical Background of Bledsoe's Lick", "Tennessee Treasures-Archaeologist William Myer", "National Museum of the American Indian-gorget detail", "Tennessee's Prehistory Revealed at Mineral Springs", "Castalian Springs Archaeological Project", "Southeastern Ceremonial Complex"--the "Southern Cult"--a Powerpoint presentation on the web of my paper at the 2000 SAA meeting:Slide 7", Daily journal entries by Dr Kevin E. Smith from excavations at Castalian Springs 2009-2011, Ancient slabs unearthed in Midstate tell history of area, Grant preserves ancient village in Castalian Springs, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Castalian_Springs_Mound_Site&oldid=941920960, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 February 2020, at 13:26. available in partnership with Appalachia CARES/AmeriCorps. Scattered throughout the area archaeologists have also found stone box graves, mortuary caves and other features thought to be associated with the Castalian Springs site. The Castalian Springs Mound State Historic Site (40SU14)[1] (also known as Bledsoe's Lick Mound and Cheskiki Mound) is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located near the small unincorporated community of Castalian Springs in Sumner County, Tennessee. Purpose of Position Engage visitors with mission-based, interpreter led tours of the historic house museums. Hours. Add to Trip Remove. Purpose of Position Engage visitors with mission-based, interpreter led tours of the historic house museums. Falcon dancer. [3] The palisaded village and surrounding habitation area was approximately 40 acres (0.16 km2) in size and consisted of a dozen platform mounds, a burial mound, plaza and a number of dwellings and civic structures. Dr. Kevin E. Smith conducted an archaeological dig school at the village site from 2005 through 2011. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cragfont (or Cragfont State Historical Site) is a state historic site and historic house located in Castalian Springs, Sumner County, Tennessee. Various colorings, defined, The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the, National Register of Historic Places listings in Davidson County, Tennessee, List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee, National Register of Historic Places listings in Tennessee, "National Register of Historic Places: Weekly List Actions", U.S. National Register of Historic Places, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Register_of_Historic_Places_listings_in_Sumner_County,_Tennessee&oldid=971052806, Lists of National Register of Historic Places in Tennessee by county, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Formerly a National Historic Landmark (note: home still exists), House burned to the ground due to lightning strike, This page was last edited on 3 August 2020, at 22:19. strong recommend visit. of Historic Castalian Springs Ready for a Made In TN Road Trip? Built by the Wynne family and their enslaved workers, it remains the largest early log structure in Tennessee. Add to Trip Remove. imagery, including many shell gorgets which were later acquired by the Museum of the American Indian in 1926. Earl also described the principal mound ( Mound 2) inside the enclosure as being a compound structure consisting of a rectangular platform 600 feet (180 m) long by 200 feet (61 m) wide and 13 feet (4.0 m) to 15 feet (4.6 m) in height and aligned in an east-west direction. Castalian Springs is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Sumner County, Tennessee, United States. Numbers represent an alphabetical ordering by significant words. [3], Myer also found a cache of over thirty[13] engraved shell gorgets, several of which are now held by the N.M.A.I. In the past month, 5 homes have been sold in Castalian Springs. 2. A number of important finds have been associated with the site, most particularly several examples of Mis… [1] It was occupied from 1100 to 1450 CE,[2] with the main occupation dating to 1200-1325 CE. The figure also has the Forked Eye Surround Motif, the Bellows apron motif and the Bi-Lobed Arrow Motif, all of which are associated with the S.E.C.C. Please verify hours by calling the site before visiting. Wynnewood State Historic Site, Castalian Springs, Tennessee. Outside of the palisade to southwest on the banks of Lick Creek was a stone mound (Mound 4) 60 feet (18 m) in diameter and 5.5 feet (1.7 m), similar examples of which have been found at the Beasley Mounds and Sellars Indian Mound sites. Historic Castalian Springs has a part-time (450 hours) Interpreter & Program Assistant position. He described a low earthen embankment with raised earthen towers enclosing 16 acres (0.065 km2), the remnants of what is now known to have been a wooden palisade. The latitude and longitude information provided in this table was derived originally from the National Register Information System, which has been found to be fairly accurate for about 99% of listings. Another 2 properties were once listed but have been removed. It is presently part of the collection of the Tennessee State Museum in Nashville. He did champion the stone and wrote an article for "The Antiquities of Tennessee and the Adjacent States" journal in 1890 when the tablet was held by the Tennessee Historical Society. [9], The State of Tennessee purchased the site in 2005, and modern excavations were instituted by the Middle Tennessee State University. This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Sumner … and Long Hollow Pike, 4 mi. The Castalian Springs Mound State Historic Site (40SU14) (also known as Bledsoe's Lick Mound and Cheskiki Mound) is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located near the small unincorporated community of Castalian Springs in Sumner County, Tennessee. Read More. THC acquired the c. 1806 structure in 2007. Founded in 1786, Sumner County has a long history along with several historic sites and museums that are open to the public! [1] The karst terrain of the area produced numerous small caves, one of which is located a few hundred yards west of the Castalian Springs site. 2020 Public Parks and Recreation Grant & Sumner County Parks Master Plan Public Meeting. available in partnership with Appalachia CARES/AmeriCorps. Ring of Fire Trail Discover some of Middle Tennessee’s most unique experiences and rich history — from settlers and Civil War soldiers to … Flights to Castalian Springs; Castalian Springs Restaurants; Things to Do in Castalian Springs; Castalian Springs Travel Forum; Castalian Springs Photos; Castalian Springs Map; Castalian Springs Travel Guide; All Castalian Springs Hotels; Near Landmarks. Several informational markers are along the trail as well as throughout the park. In the early 19th century, it was known locally as Bledsoe's Lick, and was the location of Bledsoe's Station, a fortified trading post. The 9 inches (23 cm) by 12 inches (30 cm) limestone tablet is engraved with symbolic imagery associated with the S.E.C.C., specifically the upper torso of a human figure ceremonially dressed as a raptorial bird with a sun symbol on its chest. Welcome to the Castalian Springs Resort! All originated in different eras but in some way evolved from the abundant wildlife around the historic salt deposits at Castalian Springs, still sometimes called Bledsoe's Lick. Cragfont State Historic Site, Castalian Springs, Tennessee. A number of important finds have been associated with the site, most particularly several examples of Mississippian stone statuary and the Castalian Springs shell gorget held by the National Museum of the American Indian. In the past month, 4 homes have been sold in Castalian Springs. The area has its own United States post office, designated by the Zip code 37031. Built circa 1830, Alfred and Almira Wynne hoped to entice travelers and capitalize on their proximity to the main road by advertising the healing reputation of their natural mineral spring . This map is refreshed with the newest listings in Castalian Springs every 15 minutes. Sumner County will hold a public meeting on October 29, 2020 at 5:30 P.M., at the Bledsoe Lick Historical Park (Pavilion) located at 2895 Hartsville Pike, Castalian Springs, TN 37031. regalia. The tablet was the second of only six such tablets that have been found in the Central Tennessee area. [13] The Castalian Springs site is also one of only three sites in Middle Tennessee where ceramic sherds of a type known as Angel negative painted have been found. This type of Mississippian culture pottery is typically associated with Angel Phase sites along the Ohio River. [12] Another more famous engraved stone, the Thruston tablet, was found a short distance away from Castalian Springs site in 1878 on the banks of Rocky Creek in what is now Trousdale County, Tennessee. The property is owned by the state of Tennessee and its official name is the Wynnewood State Historic Site, it includes an 1828 former inn that is the largest existing log structure in Tennessee. Located in picturesque Sumner County just 45 minutes from downtown Nashville, Historic Castalian Springs is a nonprofit dedicated to preserving and interpreting the diverse local and regional history at its three state historic sites: Cragfont, Wynnewood, and Hawthorn Hill. Read More. The site was first excavated in the 1890s and again as recently as the 2005 to 2011 archaeological field school led by Dr. Kevin E. Smith. The gorget depicts a warrior figure holding a ceremonial mace in his left hand and severed head in his right. Most homes for sale in Castalian Springs stay on the market for 39 days and receive 1 offers. Once called the "Grandeur on the Frontier," Cragfont was built around 1798 -1802. Wynnewood State Historic Site. A hiking path passes the historic cemetery and loops around the edge of the park. Historic Castalian Springs | 1798 historic home Cragfont & the 1828 mineral springs resort & largest 19th century log structure in the U.S. - Wynnewood [5] On the southern side of the mound was a plaza, which was bordered on its eastern edge by a 120 feet (37 m) in diameter 8 feet (2.4 m) tall burial mound (Mound 1) and on its western edge by another large platform mound (Mound 3). The Castalian Springs site is the largest of four Mississippian mound centers on the eastern edge of the Nashville basin, located on a flood terrace of a tributary creek of the Cumberland River. 1. [4] The site was first noted in the early 1820s by Ralph E.W. Roughly bounded by Town Creek, N. Water Ave., and Boyer and College Sts., E. Main St, S. Water Ave., and Trimble St. Northeast corner of Wheeler & N. Russell Sts. well preserved piece of history from first settlements in the area--when Bledsoe's lock nka Castalian Springs, Tennessee was the WESTERN FRONTIER. Although the design is often shown with the figure upright, holes drilled in the edge of the gorget for its suspension as a neck ornament show it was meant to be seen with the figure oriented sideways, although it is as yet unclear what this may signify. Over the years since Earls first description Euro-Americans have plowed the area for agricultural purposes and consequently the main platform mound and a few raised impressions are all that are still visible of the embankment and the 12 platform mounds once contained within it. Known locally as the "Cave of the Skulls" (40SU126), this small cave was explored by Myer at sometime during one of his three excavation of the site. Most homes for sale in Castalian Springs stay on the market for 66 days and receive 1 offers. Cragfont State Historic Site Cragfont State Historic Site. 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