The black cottonwood is indigenous to our area and is the fastest growing native tree in North America. Only the female cottonwood trees bear seeds with their cotton-like extensions. I mean, you wouldn't think that one cottonwood tree could produce all that fluff, but good Lordy! A salve made from the buds of a cottonwood tree is a great pain reliever for arthritis. When planting a cottonwood tree, gardeners should think about how the tree will impact the garden as it grows. Cottonwood has also historically been used as a source of timber for various construction projects, and as a source of firewood. Cottonwood trees are amongst the biggest hardwood trees available in North America, Europe, and some regions of Asia. The light seeds are carried by wind, for propagation, and can spread up to 6 miles away. During springtime, these seeds cause serious litter problems, by almost entirely covering large stretches of ground. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? When it's windy and the seeds become airborne, it looks like it's snowing! Would you like to write for us? Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Aigeiros Populus fremontii in fall color Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Malpighiales Family: Salicaceae Genus: Populus Section: Populus sect. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Cottonwood trees are deciduous and large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m (66 ↔ 148ft ) in height. A tree of the riverbank and water’s edge, cottonwood is an opportunist, sending down its root thin as a human hair to strike water in time before summer’s drought. The owner had a lot of water lying around on the paved area and it gradually seeped away. Swamp Cottonwood (P. heterophllya) grows through the southeast. Cottonwood has been used for many things through the years including; shelving, framing, paneling, sub floors, crates, pallets, lowboy decks, saddles, and caskets. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Usually, only male cottonwood saplings are sold in nurseries, even though it is legal to grow both genders. However, only two cottonwoods have commercial importance: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), native from the Midwest to the Atlantic, and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), which grows in the valleys of the Pacific Northwest. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. He never did it for a living, but I still have some of his pieces today, and people can't seem to get enough of them when they come over. In fact, Cisco says the seeds can sprout in just one day after hitting the ground. There are three major tree species that classify as cottonwoods. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. I really have a love/hate relationship with the cottonwood tree in my yard -- I love it because its gorgeous, and I get the best pictures off of it, but I hate it because the roots are really tearing up the rest of my yard, and the amount of fluff that that thing sheds every year is truly incredible. Among the ornamental deciduous trees, cottonwoods are very popular in some regions of the world. Maryann Glen for U.S. Forum Responses (Sawing and Drying Forum) From contributor D: I had a cottonwood tree slightly bigger than that and had it quarter sawn into 1x8" and use the lumber, 1100' to panel the inside of my shop. There's just something about the texture and consistency of the wood that feels good to the hand, and makes for a good, solid piece. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It has long been prized in the Great Plains where it … Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Sycamores (Plantanus occidentalis) and cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are different species of trees. One way to do that is by spraying the tree with a growth regulator that contains ethephon. Is there something that I can actually use that stuff for, or do any companies use it that I could sell it to, or even give it to? The thick bark of a cottonwood tree is a very good form of protection from heat and fire. They are also often used to create windbreaks, because they grow so fast. Cottonwood Trees seed every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall. The rich yellow golden foliage in the fall, makes it a wonderful landscape addition. Learn more about cottonwood … The wood from cottonwood trees is very soft and easy to work with, making it popular with carvers. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Look for the male 'Siouxland' variety, which grows 2 feet to 3 feet per year, and you’ll have a cottonwood tree minus the cotton. The wood from cottonwood trees is very soft and easy to work with, making it popular with carvers. An established cottonwood tree doesn't need fertilizer on a regular basis; fertilizer can cause too much soft, tender growth that damages easily. What are these soft cotton-like globs from? These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. These trees come under the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9. A stand of cottonwoods can be used to create a privacy barrier between two properties, with leaves which will shimmer and dance with the breeze, adding visual interest. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. When I was growing up, my parents had some plains cottonwood trees out on our back 40, and my dad was always finding little pieces to carve on. Most commonly, cottonwoods are located in riparian zones near rivers and lakes, and they are sometimes used as an indicator species when people look for underground deposits of water. You can surf the web at any time and find fine art and bowls that have been created from cottonwood burl, and burl cluster. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. And does anybody reading this have any clue as to what I could do with all that fluff? They have broad trunks with thick, deeply fissured bark and triangular or diamond shaped leaves that are green on both sides. I just hate throwing all that stuff away if there's some use that it could be put to. Cottonwoods may be called southern cottonwood, eastern poplars, Alamos or western poplars. These trees are a part of many beautiful ecosystems, and have many uses. Cottonwood trees are found primarily in North America, with a large percentage in the Midwestern United States. As such we shall now learn a few interesting facts about eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), Fremont’s cottonwood (Populus fremontii), and black poplar (Populus nigra). The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. The toughness of the cottonwood tree has made it a popular choice for landscaping in urban areas and along highways and roads. However, cottonwood trees were an exception to this rule. Cottonwood trees were a great resource for early pioneers. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Also known as the poplar, the cottonwood tree is named as such for its seeds that look much like cotton. When the seeds are in the air it seems like it is snowing. This is the Eastern cottonwood; the botanical name is Populus deltoides. It is frequently made into medicine through infused oils or salves and is also used in perfumery. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Cottonwood has also historically been used as a source of timber for various construction projects, and as a source of firewood. Due to this habit of quick growth, the wood is soft and brittle, breaking easily in windy conditions. The Cottonwood seeds are attached to structures that resemble tufts of cotton and this allows the seeds to spread over long distances in the wind before settling to ground. He was a big whittler; just liked to have something to do with his hands, but he was also quite a talented woodcarver. Practically every part of the cottonwood tree was historically used, whether it was the wood for … These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It's always a conversation topic. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Three species of cottonwood tree are recognized in this genus, and these northern hemisphere natives can be found in a range of locations. Cottonwood tree seeds can make quite the mess, so it’s understandable to want them gone. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Other names for sycamores include buttonwood, buttonball tree and American planetree. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. These capsules contain small seeds that are carried through the wind because of the ‘cotton’ found in the capsules. Most cottonwoods are found in riparian zones near rivers, lakes, or other fresh water sources. Populus sect. How can I stop cottonwood trees from producing cotton? It was helpful for them to find underground water sources,wood for shelters, homes barns and shade in summer and heat in the winter. The snows of June consists of “cotton” from the cottonwood trees: small bits of cotton-like fibers enclosing a small green cottonwood seed. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. These graceful trees can also make very pleasant ornamentals. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Trees that belong to the Populus or poplar genus and have seeds with cotton-like extensions are commonly known as cottonwood trees. Cottonwood leaves are triangular to diamond-like in shape, and they are a bright green on both sides, turning yellow and dropping in the fall and winter. But this is a job you don’t want to DIY. Shop 3.25-gallon cottonless cottonwood shade tree in pot (l3624) in the trees section of Lowes.com These trees can grow very tall, casting a formidable shadow, and they can also develop large roots which damage pools, walkways, and foundations. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. And with all the fluff that it's got, you'd think that there would be some craft or something that it could be used for. , also known as the poplar family with other poplars like quaking aspen and Lombardy poplar,. 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